4 Common Causes of Low Back Pain

Science and philosophy love the concept of cause and effect. For every cause there is an effect, just as for every effect there is a cause. If you want to prevent the effect, you’ll need to understand and avoid the cause. In the case of low back pain there are many causes. Listed below are 4 common causes of low back pain.

Low Back Pain X Ray

Low Back Pain X Ray

4 Common Causes of Low Back Pain

Sprain-Strain Injury

A sprain-strain injury represents two parts of what can happen in the same injury.

Strain refers to tears in the muscle and is also called a “pulled muscle.” This can happen when a muscle is pulled faster than it can relax or when it is extended beyond its full length.

A Sprain differs in that it represents tears in a ligament. Sprain injuries most commonly happen when a ligament is quickly extended beyond its full length.

Sprain-Strain Injuries often happen when someone is stiff or out of proper alignment. The brain must have full body awareness in order to properly communicate with the muscluloskeletal system. When the body is stiff or out of proper alignment, the brain has less body awareness. As a result, there is a lack of coordination, which causes the sprain-strain injury. This is called dyskinesia, which is a sign of what chiropractors call a vertebral subluxation.

Bad Posture

Posture is a static view of the body and is a strong predictor of body movement. Depending on your activities, sports and hobbies, looking at posture can also help predict potential injuries. As an example, forward shoulders can lead to impingement if you repetitively lift your arms above your head or it can cause bicipital tendonitis if you repetitively do pulling or rowing motions. This is also true for low back pain if someone has a strong tilt or rotation in their pelvis. Running can cause impingement of the hip joint or sciatica and squatting can lead to low back pain or disc injuries.  

Lack of Movement (Sedentary Lifestyle)

If you don’t give your body what it needs, it breaks down, and the human body is designed to move through its full range of motion every single day. Decreased range of motion is a sign of muscle and ligament shortening, inflammation and scar tissue developing in the soft tissues. It only takes two weeks for a joint to develop permanent damage from joint immobility. This lack of motion triggers inflammation and leads to osteoarthritis. Simply, not moving enough is called sedentary living, which is considered a repetitive stress injury and commonly leads to low back pain.

Excessive Movement

Too much of a good thing is actually a bad thing. This concept is called hormesis. Even good things are considered bad if they are given in excessive quantities. So yes, you can over exercise. You can even drink too much water or eat too many vegetables. This cause of low back pain is increasingly common as a person ages because their ability to recovery diminishes. When starting an exercise program, it should feel “too” easy. As your program advances you can slowly add intensity in order to improve your physical well-being. Going beyond your current ability can cause an injury and commonly leads to low back pain.